TPublicKey Delphi ActiveX Reference Documentation

TPublicKey

Contains an RSA, DSA, or ECC public key. Provides methods for importing and exporting to/from PEM, DER, PKCS8, PKCS1, and XML formats. Public keys can be imported/exported to both memory and files.

Importing the Chilkat ActiveX into Delphi

Important: Whenever upgrading to a new version of Chilkat, make sure to re-imported ActiveX DLL into Delphi to regenerate the files described below.

Two things are required to use an ActiveX in Delphi:

  1. The ActiveX DLL needs to be registered via regsvr32 on the system where the Delphi application runs. See How To Register ActiveX DLLs for detailed information.
  2. The ActiveX component needs to be "imported". Use the Delphi Import Component Wizard to import the Chilkat type library. This creates the following files: Chilkat_v9_5_0_TLB.pas and Chilkat_v9_5_0_TLB.dcr. The Chilkat_v9_5_0_TLB.pas should be added to your project.

To import the Chilkat type library, do the following:

  1. In the Delphi RAD Studio, select the menu item "Component" --> "Import a Type Library".
  2. Find "Chilkat ActiveX v9.5.0" in the list and select it. This will only appear in the list if the ChilkatAx-9.5.0-win32.dll (or ChilkatAx-9.5.0-x64.dll) has been registered w/ regsvr32.
  3. Check the "Generate Component Wrappers" checkbox.
  4. Select a directory where the unit files (.pas and .dcr) will be generated.
  5. Select "Create Unit" and then "Finish".
  6. Add the .pas to your Delphi project.

To use a Chilkat ActiveX object in your Delphi code, add "Chilkat_v9_5_0_TLB" to the "uses" statement. For example:

uses
  Winapi.Windows, Winapi.Messages, System.SysUtils, System.Variants, System.Classes, Vcl.Graphics,
  Vcl.Controls, Vcl.Forms, Vcl.Dialogs, Vcl.StdCtrls, Chilkat_v9_5_0_TLB;

Object Creation

var
obj: TPublicKey;
...
begin
obj := TPublicKey.Create(Self);
...
// When finished, free the object instance.
obj.Free();

Properties

property DebugLogFilePath: WideString

If set to a file path, causes each Chilkat method or property call to automatically append it's LastErrorText to the specified log file. The information is appended such that if a hang or crash occurs, it is possible to see the context in which the problem occurred, as well as a history of all Chilkat calls up to the point of the problem. The VerboseLogging property can be set to provide more detailed information.

This property is typically used for debugging the rare cases where a Chilkat method call hangs or generates an exception that halts program execution (i.e. crashes). A hang or crash should generally never happen. The typical causes of a hang are:

  1. a timeout related property was set to 0 to explicitly indicate that an infinite timeout is desired,
  2. the hang is actually a hang within an event callback (i.e. it is a hang within the application code), or
  3. there is an internal problem (bug) in the Chilkat code that causes the hang.

property KeySize: Integer readonly

Introduced in version 9.5.0.67

Gets the size (in bits) of the public key. For example: 1024, 2048, etc.

property KeyType: WideString readonly

Introduced in version 9.5.0.52

The type of public key. Can be "empty", "rsa", "dsa", or "ecc".

property LastBinaryResult: OleVariant readonly

Introduced in version 9.5.0.52

The binary data returned by the last (binary data returning) method called. Only available if Chilkat.Global.KeepBinaryResult is set to 1. This provides a means for obtaining large varbinary results in the SQL Server environment (where limitations exist in getting large amounts of data returned by method calls, but where temp tables can be used for binary properties).

property LastErrorHtml: WideString readonly

Provides information in HTML format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

property LastErrorText: WideString readonly

Provides information in plain-text format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

Concept of LastErrorText

LastErrorText Standard Information

property LastErrorXml: WideString readonly

Provides information in XML format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

property LastMethodSuccess: Integer

Introduced in version 9.5.0.52

Indicate whether the last method call succeeded or failed. A value of 1 indicates success, a value of 0 indicates failure. This property is automatically set for method calls. It is not modified by property accesses. The property is automatically set to indicate success for the following types of method calls:

  • Any method that returns a string.
  • Any method returning a Chilkat object, binary bytes, or a date/time.
  • Any method returning a standard boolean status value where success = 1 and failure = 0.
  • Any method returning an integer where failure is defined by a return value less than zero.

Note: Methods that do not fit the above requirements will always set this property equal to 1. For example, a method that returns no value (such as a "void" in C++) will technically always succeed.

property LastStringResult: WideString readonly

Introduced in version 9.5.0.52

The string return value of the last (string returning) method called. Only available if Chilkat.Global.KeepStringResult is set to 1. This provides a means for obtaining large string results in the SQL Server environment (where limitations exist in getting long strings returned by method calls, but where temp tables can be used for string properties).

Long Strings Returned by ActiveX Methods in SQL Server

property LastStringResultLen: Integer readonly

Introduced in version 9.5.0.53

The length, in characters, of the string contained in the LastStringResult property.

property VerboseLogging: Integer

If set to 1, then the contents of LastErrorText (or LastErrorXml, or LastErrorHtml) may contain more verbose information. The default value is 0. Verbose logging should only be used for debugging. The potentially large quantity of logged information may adversely affect peformance.

property Version: WideString readonly

Version of the component/library, such as "9.5.0.63"

Methods

function GetDer(preferPkcs1: Integer): OleVariant;

Introduced in version 9.5.0.58

Returns the public key in binary DER format. If the key type (such as RSA) supports both PKCS1 and PKCS8 formats, then preferPkcs1 determine which format is returned.

Returns a zero-length byte array (as an OleVariant) on failure.
An empty array will have a VarArrayHighBound of -1 meaning 0 elements.

function GetEncoded(preferPkcs1: Integer; encoding: WideString): WideString;

Introduced in version 9.5.0.58

Returns the public key in DER format as an encoded string (such as base64 or hex). If the key type (such as RSA) supports both PKCS1 and PKCS8 formats, then preferPkcs1 determine which format is returned. The encoding specifies the encoding, which is typically "base64".

Returns a zero-length WideString on failure

function GetJwk(): WideString;

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Gets the public key in JWK (JSON Web Key) format.

RSA public keys have this JWK format:

         {"kty":"RSA",
          "n": "0vx7agoebGcQSuuPiLJXZptN9 ... U8awapJzKnqDKgw",
          "e":"AQAB"}

ECC public keys have this JWK format:

         {"kty":"EC",
          "crv":"P-256",
          "x":"MKBCTNIcKUSDii11ySs3526iDZ8AiTo7Tu6KPAqv7D4",
          "y":"4Etl6SRW2YiLUrN5vfvVHuhp7x8PxltmWWlbbM4IFyM"}

Returns a zero-length WideString on failure

Get ECC Public Key in JWK Format (JSON Web Key)

Get RSA Public Key in JWK Format (JSON Web Key)

function GetJwkThumbprint(hashAlg: WideString): WideString;

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Returns the JWK thumbprint for the public key. This is the thumbprint of the JSON Web Key (JWK) as per RFC 7638.

Returns a zero-length WideString on failure

Compute JWK Thumbprint for RSA and EC Public Keys

function GetOpenSslDer(): OleVariant;

This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call GetDer with preference for PKCS8 instead.

Gets the public key in PKCS8 DER format.

Returns a zero-length byte array (as an OleVariant) on failure.
An empty array will have a VarArrayHighBound of -1 meaning 0 elements.

function GetOpenSslPem(): WideString;

This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call GetPem with preference for PKCS8 instead.

Gets the public key in PKCS8 PEM format.

Returns a zero-length WideString on failure

function GetPem(preferPkcs1: Integer): WideString;

Introduced in version 9.5.0.58

Returns the public key in PEM format. If the key type (such as RSA) supports both PKCS1 and PKCS8 formats, then preferPkcs1 determine which format is returned.

Returns a zero-length WideString on failure

function GetPkcs1ENC(encoding: WideString): WideString;

Introduced in version 9.5.0.52
This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call GetEncoded with preference for PKCS1 instead.

Gets the public key in PKCS1 format and returns in an encoded string, as specified by the encoding argument.

Returns a zero-length WideString on failure

Supported Binary Encodings

function GetPkcs8ENC(encoding: WideString): WideString;

Introduced in version 9.5.0.52
This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call GetEncoded with preference for PKCS8 instead.

Gets the public key in PKCS8 format and returns in an encoded string, as specified by the encoding argument.

Returns a zero-length WideString on failure

Supported Binary Encodings

function GetRsaDer(): OleVariant;

This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call GetDer with preference for PKCS1 instead.

Gets the public key in PKCS1 DER format.

Returns a zero-length byte array (as an OleVariant) on failure.
An empty array will have a VarArrayHighBound of -1 meaning 0 elements.

function GetXml(): WideString;

Gets the public key in XML format. The format depends on the key type. The key parts indicated by "..." are base64 encoded.

RSA public keys have this XML format:

<RSAKeyValue>
  <Modulus>...</Modulus>
  <Exponent>...</Exponent>
</RSAKeyValue>

DSA public keys have this XML format:

<DSAPublicKey>
    <P>...</P>
    <Q>...</Q>
    <G>...</G>
    <Y>...</Y>
</DSAPublicKey>

ECC public keys have this XML format:

<ECCPublicKey curve="CURVE_NAME" x="HEX_DATA" y="HEX_DATA">...</ECCPublicKey>

Returns a zero-length WideString on failure

function LoadBase64(keyStr: WideString): Integer;

Introduced in version 9.5.0.47

Loads a public key from base64-encoded DER (can be PKCS1 or PKCS8).

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

function LoadFromBinary(keyBytes: OleVariant): Integer;

Introduced in version 9.5.0.58

Loads a public key from binary DER. Auto-recognizes both PKCS1 and PKCS8 formats.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

function LoadFromFile(path: WideString): Integer;

Introduced in version 9.5.0.58

Loads a public key from a file. The file can be in any string or binary format such as binary DER (PKCS1 or PKCS8), PEM, XML, or encoded binary DER (such as base64 encoded binary DER). The format of the contents of the file is auto-recognized.

Starting in version 9.5.0.66, this method also supports loading the JWK (JSON Web Key) format.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

function LoadFromString(keyString: WideString): Integer;

Introduced in version 9.5.0.58

Loads a public key from any string format, such as PEM, XML, or encoded binary DER (such as base64 encoded binary DER). The format of the keyString is auto-recognized.

Starting in version 9.5.0.66, this method also supports loading the JWK (JSON Web Key) format.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

function LoadOpenSslDer(data: OleVariant): Integer;

This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call LoadFromBinary instead.

Loads a public key from in-memory PKCS8 DER formatted byte data.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

function LoadOpenSslDerFile(path: WideString): Integer;

This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call LoadFromFile instead.

Loads a public key from an PKCS8 DER format file.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

function LoadOpenSslPem(str: WideString): Integer;

This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call LoadFromString instead.

Loads a public key from an PKCS8 PEM string.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

function LoadOpenSslPemFile(path: WideString): Integer;

This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call LoadFromFile instead.

Loads a public key from an PKCS8 PEM file.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

function LoadPkcs1Pem(str: WideString): Integer;

This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call LoadFromString instead.

Loads an RSA public key from PKCS#1 PEM format.

function LoadRsaDer(data: OleVariant): Integer;

This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call LoadFromBinary instead.

Loads a public key from in-memory PKCS1 DER formatted byte data.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

function LoadRsaDerFile(path: WideString): Integer;

This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call LoadFromFile instead.

Loads a public key from an PKCS1 DER formatted file.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

function LoadXml(xml: WideString): Integer;

This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call LoadFromString instead.

Loads a public key from an XML string.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

function LoadXmlFile(path: WideString): Integer;

This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call LoadFromFile instead.

Loads a public key from an XML file.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

function SaveDerFile(preferPkcs1: Integer; path: WideString): Integer;

Introduced in version 9.5.0.58

Saves the public key to a file in binary DER format. If the key type (such as RSA) supports both PKCS1 and PKCS8 formats, then preferPkcs1 determine which format is returned.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

function SaveOpenSslDerFile(path: WideString): Integer;

This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call SaveDerFile with preference for PKCS8 instead.

Saves the public key to an PKCS8 DER format file.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

function SaveOpenSslPemFile(path: WideString): Integer;

This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call SavePemFile with preference for PKCS8 instead.

Saves the public key to an PKCS8 PEM format file.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

Generate RSA Public/Private Key Pair and Export to PEM

function SavePemFile(preferPkcs1: Integer; path: WideString): Integer;

Introduced in version 9.5.0.58

Saves the public key to a file in PEM format. If the key type (such as RSA) supports both PKCS1 and PKCS8 formats, then preferPkcs1 determine which format is returned.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

Convert RSA Private Key to Public Key

function SaveRsaDerFile(path: WideString): Integer;

This method is deprecated. It will be removed in a future version.

This method is deprecated. Applications should call SaveDerFile with preference for PKCS1 instead.

Saves the public key to an PKCS1 DER format file.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

function SaveXmlFile(path: WideString): Integer;

Saves the public key to an XML file.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.