Jwe Excel Class Module Reference Documentation

Jwe

An API for JSON Web Encryption (JWE). Provides the ability to create (encrypt) and decrypt JWE's.

Supported Algorithms:

  • RSAES OAEP 256 (using SHA-256 and MGF1 with SHA-256) encryption with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM
  • RSAES OAEP (using SHA-1 and MGF1 with SHA-1) encryption with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM
  • RSAES-PKCS1-V1_5 encryption with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM
  • Direct symmetric key encryption with pre-shared key A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM and A256GCM
  • A128KW, A192KW, A256KW encryption with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM
  • A128GCMKW, A192GCMKW, A256GCMKW encryption with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM
  • PBES2-HS256+A128KW, PBES2-HS384+A192KW, PBES2-HS512+A256KW with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM

Object Creation

Dim oJwe As Chilkat.Jwe
Set oJwe = Chilkat.NewJwe

Properties

DebugLogFilePath As String

If set to a file path, causes each Chilkat method or property call to automatically append it's LastErrorText to the specified log file. The information is appended such that if a hang or crash occurs, it is possible to see the context in which the problem occurred, as well as a history of all Chilkat calls up to the point of the problem. The VerboseLogging property can be set to provide more detailed information.

This property is typically used for debugging the rare cases where a Chilkat method call hangs or generates an exception that halts program execution (i.e. crashes). A hang or crash should generally never happen. The typical causes of a hang are:

  1. a timeout related property was set to 0 to explicitly indicate that an infinite timeout is desired,
  2. the hang is actually a hang within an event callback (i.e. it is a hang within the application code), or
  3. there is an internal problem (bug) in the Chilkat code that causes the hang.

LastErrorHtml As String (read only)

Provides information in HTML format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

LastErrorText As String (read only)

Provides information in plain-text format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

Concept of LastErrorText

LastErrorText Standard Information

LastErrorXml As String (read only)

Provides information in XML format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

LastMethodSuccess As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.52

Indicate whether the last method call succeeded or failed. A value of True indicates success, a value of False indicates failure. This property is automatically set for method calls. It is not modified by property accesses. The property is automatically set to indicate success for the following types of method calls:

  • Any method that returns a string.
  • Any method returning a Chilkat object, binary bytes, or a date/time.
  • Any method returning a standard boolean status value where success = True and failure = False.
  • Any method returning an integer where failure is defined by a return value less than zero.

Note: Methods that do not fit the above requirements will always set this property equal to True. For example, a method that returns no value (such as a "void" in C++) will technically always succeed.

NumRecipients As Long (read only)

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

The number of recipients for this JWE.

PreferCompact As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Controls whether the JWE Compact Serialization or JWE JSON Serialization is preferred when creating JWEs. The default value is True, which is to use compact serialization when possible. If multiple recipients exist, or if any unprotected headers exist, then JWE JSON Serialization is used regardless of this property setting.

PreferFlattened As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Controls whether the flattened serialization is preferred when JWE JSON Serialization is used. The default value is True, which is to use the flattened serialization when possible. If multiple recipients exist, then the general (non-flattened) JWE JSON Serialization is used regardless of this property setting.

JWE Using Flattened JWE JSON Serialization

VerboseLogging As Long

If set to True, then the contents of LastErrorText (or LastErrorXml, or LastErrorHtml) may contain more verbose information. The default value is False. Verbose logging should only be used for debugging. The potentially large quantity of logged information may adversely affect peformance.

Version As String (read only)

Version of the component/library, such as "9.5.0.63"

Methods

Decrypt(index As Long, charset As String) As String

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Decrypts a JWE and returns the original (decrypted) string content. The byte representation of the decrypted bytes is indicated by charset (such as "utf-8"). (The charset tells Chilkat how to intepret the decrypted bytes as characters.)

The index specifies which recipient key is used for decryption. (Most JWEs have only a single recipent, and thus the index is typically 0.)

Supported Algorithms:

  • RSAES OAEP 256 (using SHA-256 and MGF1 with SHA-256) encryption with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM
  • RSAES OAEP (using SHA-1 and MGF1 with SHA-1) encryption with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM
  • RSAES-PKCS1-V1_5 encryption with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM
  • Direct symmetric key encryption with pre-shared key A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM and A256GCM
  • A128KW, A192KW, A256KW encryption with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM
  • A128GCMKW, A192GCMKW, A256GCMKW encryption with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM
  • PBES2-HS256+A128KW, PBES2-HS384+A192KW, PBES2-HS512+A256KW with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM

Returns Nothing on failure

JWE using RSAES-OAEP and AES GCM

JWE using PBES2 Key Wrapping

DecryptBd(index As Long, bd As BinData) As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Decrypts the loaded JWE and appends the decrypted bytes to the contents of bd. The index specifies which recipient key is used for decryption. (Most JWEs have only a single recipent, and thus the index is typically 0.)

Returns True for success, False for failure.

JWE with Binary Data

DecryptSb(index As Long, charset As String, contentSb As StringBuilder) As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Decrypts the loaded JWE and appends the decrypted content to contentSb. The byte representation of the decrypted bytes is indicated by charset (such as "utf-8"). (This tells Chilkat how to interpret the bytes as characters.)

The index specifies which recipient key is used for decryption. (Most JWEs have only a single recipent, and thus the index is typically 0.)

Returns True for success, False for failure.

JWE with DEFLATE Compression

Encrypt(content As String, charset As String) As String

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Encrypts string content to produce a JWE. The byte representation of the content is indicated by charset (such as "utf-8").

Supported Algorithms:

  • RSAES OAEP 256 (using SHA-256 and MGF1 with SHA-256) encryption with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM
  • RSAES OAEP (using SHA-1 and MGF1 with SHA-1) encryption with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM
  • RSAES-PKCS1-V1_5 encryption with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM
  • Direct symmetric key encryption with pre-shared key A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM and A256GCM
  • A128KW, A192KW, A256KW encryption with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM
  • A128GCMKW, A192GCMKW, A256GCMKW encryption with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM
  • PBES2-HS256+A128KW, PBES2-HS384+A192KW, PBES2-HS512+A256KW with A128CBC-HS256, A192CBC-HS384, A256CBC-HS512, A128GCM, A192GCM, A256GCM

Returns Nothing on failure

JWE using RSAES-OAEP and AES GCM

JWE using RSAES-PKCS1-v1_5 and AES_128_CBC_HMAC_SHA_256

JWE Using General JWE JSON Serialization

EncryptBd(contentBd As BinData, jweSb As StringBuilder) As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Encrypts the contents of contentBd to produce a JWE that is appended to the contents of jweSb. (This method provides the means to produce a JWE from binary content.)

Returns True for success, False for failure.

JWE with Binary Data

EncryptSb(contentSb As StringBuilder, charset As String, jweSb As StringBuilder) As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Encrypts the contents of contentSb to produce a JWE that is appended to the contents of jweSb. The byte representation of the string to be encrypted is indicated by charset (such as "utf-8").

Returns True for success, False for failure.

JWE with DEFLATE Compression

FindRecipient(paramName As String, paramValue As String, caseSensitive As Boolean) As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Finds the index of the recipient with a header parameter (paramName) equal to a specified value (paramValue). Returns -1 if no recipient contains a header with the given name/value. If caseSensitive is True, then the header param name/value comparisons are case sensitive. Otherwise it is case insensitive.

The procedure for decrypting a JWE with multiple recipients is the following:

  1. Load the JWE via one of the Load* methods.
  2. Find the recipient index by some identifying header paramter. The typical case is via the "kid" header parameter. ("kid" is an arbitrary key ID applications can assign to identify keys.)
  3. Set the key for decryption at the found index by calling SetPrivateKey, SetWrappingKey, or SetPassword, depending on the type of key wrapping that is employed.
  4. Call Decrypt, DecryptSb, or DecryptBd to decrypt for the recipient (and key) at the given index.

JWE Using General JWE JSON Serialization

LoadJwe(jwe As String) As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Loads the contents of a JWE.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

JWE using RSAES-OAEP and AES GCM

LoadJweSb(sb As StringBuilder) As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Loads the contents of a JWE from a StringBuilder object.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

JWE using RSAES-OAEP and AES GCM

SetAad(aad As String, charset As String) As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Sets the optional Additional Authenticated Data. This is only used for non-compact serializations. The charset specifies the character encoding (such as "utf-8") to be used for the byte representation for the additional authenticated data.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

SetAadBd(aad As BinData) As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Sets the optional Additional Authenticated Data. This is only used for non-compact serializations. This method provides a way for binary (non-text) additional authenticated data to be used.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

SetPassword(index As Long, password As String) As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Sets the PBES2 password for key encryption or decryption. This is for the case where the content encryption key (CEK) is encrypted using PBES2. An PBES2 password should be used in the cases where the "alg" header parameter value is equal to one of the following:

PBES2-HS256+A128KW
PBES2-HS384+A192KW
PBES2-HS512+A256KW
The index is the index of the recipient, where the 1st recipient is at index 0. (The typical use case for JWEs is for a single recipient.)

Returns True for success, False for failure.

SetPrivateKey(index As Long, privKey As PrivateKey) As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Sets a private key for RSA key unwrapping/decryption. This is for the case where the content encryption key (CEK) is encrypted using RSA. An RSA private key should be used for decrypting in the cases where the "alg" header parameter value is equal to one of the following:

RSA1_5
RSA-OAEP
RSA-OAEP-256
The index is the index of the recipient, where the 1st recipient is at index 0. (The typical use case for JWEs is for a single recipient.)

Returns True for success, False for failure.

JWE using RSAES-OAEP and AES GCM

SetProtectedHeader(json As JsonObject) As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Sets the JWE Protected Header.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

JWE using RSAES-OAEP and AES GCM

JWE with DEFLATE Compression

SetPublicKey(index As Long, pubKey As PublicKey) As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Sets a public key for RSA key wrapping encryption. This is for the case where the content encryption key (CEK) is encrypted using RSA. An RSA public key should be used when encrypting for the cases where the "alg" header parameter value is equal to one of the following:

RSA1_5
RSA-OAEP
RSA-OAEP-256
The index is the index of the recipient, where the 1st recipient is at index 0. (The typical use case for JWEs is for a single recipient.)

Returns True for success, False for failure.

JWE using RSAES-OAEP and AES GCM

SetRecipientHeader(index As Long, json As JsonObject) As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Sets a per-recipient unprotected header. This method would only be called if the JWE is for multiple recipients. The 1st recipient is at index 0.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

SetUnprotectedHeader(json As JsonObject) As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Sets the JWE Shared Unprotected Header.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

SetWrappingKey(index As Long, encodedKey As String, encoding As String) As Long

Introduced in version 9.5.0.66

Sets the AES wrapping key for encryption or decryption. This is for the case where the content encryption key (CEK) is encrypted using AES Key Wrap or AES GCM. An AES key should be used in the cases where the "alg" header parameter value is equal to one of the following:

A128KW
A192KW
A256KW
A128GCMKW
A192GCMKW
A256GCMKW
dir
The index is the index of the recipient, where the 1st recipient is at index 0. (The typical use case for JWEs is for a single recipient.)

Note: This method also sets the shared direct symmetric key for the case when the "alg" is equal to "dir". In this case, the key specified is not actualy a key encryption key, but is the direct content encryption key.

The encoding indicates the representation, such as "base64", "hex", "base64url", etc. of the encodedKey.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

JWE using AES Key Wrap and AES_128_CBC_HMAC_SHA_256