Cert Lianja Reference Documentation

Cert

Digital certificate component / class

Object Creation

loObject = createobject("CkCert")

Properties

AuthorityKeyId As Character (read-only)

Introduced in version 9.5.0.40

The authority key identifier of the certificate in base64 string format. This is only present if the certificate contains the extension OID 2.5.29.35.

AvoidWindowsPkAccess As Boolean

Applies only when running on a Microsoft Windows operating system. If .T., then any method that returns a certificate will not try to also access the associated private key, assuming one exists. This is useful if the certificate was installed with high-security such that a private key access would trigger the Windows OS to display a security warning dialog. The default value of this property is .F..

CertVersion As Numeric (read-only)

The version of the certificate (1, 2, or 3). A value of 0 indicates an error -- the most likely cause being that the certificate object is empty (i.e. was never loaded with a certificate). Note: This is not the version of the software, it is the version of the X.509 certificate object. The version of the Chilkat certificate software is indicated by the Version property.

CspName As Character (read-only)

(Relevant only when running on a Microsoft Windows operating system.) If the HasKeyContainer property is .T., then the certificate is linked to a key container and this property contains the name of the associated CSP (cryptographic service provider). When a certificate is linked to a key container , the following properties will provide information about the key container and private key: CspName, KeyContainerName, MachineKeyset, and Silent.

DebugLogFilePath As Character

If set to a file path, causes each Chilkat method or property call to automatically append it's LastErrorText to the specified log file. The information is appended such that if a hang or crash occurs, it is possible to see the context in which the problem occurred, as well as a history of all Chilkat calls up to the point of the problem. The VerboseLogging property can be set to provide more detailed information.

This property is typically used for debugging the rare cases where a Chilkat method call hangs or generates an exception that halts program execution (i.e. crashes). A hang or crash should generally never happen. The typical causes of a hang are:

  1. a timeout related property was set to 0 to explicitly indicate that an infinite timeout is desired,
  2. the hang is actually a hang within an event callback (i.e. it is a hang within the application code), or
  3. there is an internal problem (bug) in the Chilkat code that causes the hang.

Expired As Boolean (read-only)

Has a value of .T. if the certificate or any certificate in the chain of authority has expired. (This information is not available when running on Windows 95/98 computers.)

ForClientAuthentication As Boolean (read-only)

.T. if this certificate can be used for client authentication, otherwise .F..

ForCodeSigning As Boolean (read-only)

.T. if this certificate can be used for code signing, otherwise .F..

ForSecureEmail As Boolean (read-only)

.T. if this certificate can be used for sending secure email, otherwise .F..

ForServerAuthentication As Boolean (read-only)

.T. if this certificate can be used for server authentication, otherwise .F..

ForTimeStamping As Boolean (read-only)

.T. if this certificate can be used for time stamping, otherwise .F..

HasKeyContainer As Boolean (read-only)

(Relevant only when running on a Microsoft Windows operating system.) Indicates whether this certificate is linked to a key container. If .T. then the certificate is linked to a key container (usually containing a private key). If .F., then it is not.

When a certificate is linked to a key container , the following properties will provide information about the key container and private key: CspName, KeyContainerName, MachineKeyset, and Silent.

IntendedKeyUsage As Numeric (read-only)

Bitflags indicating the intended usages of the certificate. The flags are:
Digital Signature: 0x80
Non-Repudiation: 0x40
Key Encipherment: 0x20
Data Encipherment: 0x10
Key Agreement: 0x08
Certificate Signing: 0x04
CRL Signing: 0x02
Encipher-Only: 0x01

IsRoot As Boolean (read-only)

.T. if this is the root certificate, otherwise .F..

IssuerC As Character (read-only)

The certificate issuer's country.

IssuerCN As Character (read-only)

The certificate issuer's common name.

IssuerDN As Character (read-only)

The issuer's full distinguished name.

IssuerE As Character (read-only)

The certificate issuer's email address.

IssuerL As Character (read-only)

The certificate issuer's locality, which could be a city, count, township, or other geographic region.

IssuerO As Character (read-only)

The certificate issuer's organization, which is typically the company name.

IssuerOU As Character (read-only)

The certificate issuer's organizational unit, which is the unit within the organization.

IssuerS As Character (read-only)

The certificate issuer's state or province.

KeyContainerName As Character (read-only)

(Relevant only when running on a Microsoft Windows operating system.) If the HasKeyContainer property is .T., then the certificate is linked to a key container and this property contains the name of the key container.

When a certificate is linked to a key container , the following properties will provide information about the key container and private key: CspName, KeyContainerName, MachineKeyset, and Silent.

LastErrorHtml As Character (read-only)

Provides information in HTML format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

LastErrorText As Character (read-only)

Provides information in plain-text format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

Concept of LastErrorText

LastErrorText Standard Information

LastErrorXml As Character (read-only)

Provides information in XML format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

LastMethodSuccess As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.52

Indicate whether the last method call succeeded or failed. A value of .T. indicates success, a value of .F. indicates failure. This property is automatically set for method calls. It is not modified by property accesses. The property is automatically set to indicate success for the following types of method calls:

  • Any method that returns a string.
  • Any method returning a Chilkat object, binary bytes, or a date/time.
  • Any method returning a standard boolean status value where success = .T. and failure = .F..
  • Any method returning an integer where failure is defined by a return value less than zero.

Note: Methods that do not fit the above requirements will always set this property equal to .T.. For example, a method that returns no value (such as a "void" in C++) will technically always succeed.

MachineKeyset As Boolean (read-only)

(Relevant only when running on a Microsoft Windows operating system.) If the HasKeyContainer property is .T., then the certificate is linked to a key container and this property indicates whether the key container is in the machine's keyset or in the keyset specific to the logged on user's account. If .T., the key container is within the machine keyset. If .F., it's in the user's keyset.

When a certificate is linked to a key container , the following properties will provide information about the key container and private key: CspName, KeyContainerName, MachineKeyset, and Silent.

OcspUrl As Character (read-only)

If present in the certificate's extensions, returns the OCSP URL of the certificate. (The Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP) is an Internet protocol used for obtaining the revocation status of an X.509 digital certificate.)

PrivateKeyExportable As Boolean (read-only)

(Relevant only when running on a Microsoft Windows operating system.) Indicates whether the private key was installed with security settings that allow it to be re-exported.

Backup Windows Current User / Personal Certificates to a .zip

Revoked As Boolean (read-only)

.T. if the certificate or any certificate in the chain of authority has been revoked. This information is not available when running on Windows 95/98 computers. Note: If this property is .F., it could mean that it was not able to check the revocation status. Because of this uncertainty, a CheckRevoked method has been added. It returns an integer indicating one of three possible states: 1 (revoked) , 0 (not revoked), -1 (unable to check revocation status).

Rfc822Name As Character (read-only)

The RFC-822 name of the certificate. (Also known as the Subject Alternative Name.)

If the certificate contains a list of Subject Alternative Names, such as a list of host names to be protected by a single SSL certificate, then this property will contain the comma separated list of names.

SelfSigned As Boolean (read-only)

.T. if this is a self-signed certificate, otherwise .F..

SerialNumber As Character (read-only)

The certificate's serial number as a hexidecimal string.

Sha1Thumbprint As Character (read-only)

Hexidecimal string of the SHA-1 thumbprint for the certificate.

SignatureVerified As Boolean (read-only)

Returns .T. if the certificate and all certificates in the chain of authority have valid signatures, otherwise returns .F..

Silent As Boolean (read-only)

(Relevant only when running on a Microsoft Windows operating system.) If the HasKeyContainer property is .T., then the certificate is linked to a key container and this property indicates whether accessing the private key will cause the operating system to launch an interactive warning dialog. If .F. a warning dialog will be displayed. If .T. then private key accesses are silent.

When a certificate is linked to a key container , the following properties will provide information about the key container and private key: CspName, KeyContainerName, MachineKeyset, and Silent.

SubjectC As Character (read-only)

The certificate subject's country.

SubjectCN As Character (read-only)

The certificate subject's common name.

SubjectDN As Character (read-only)

The certificate subject's full distinguished name.

SubjectE As Character (read-only)

The certificate subject's email address.

SubjectKeyId As Character (read-only)

Introduced in version 9.5.0.40

The subject key identifier of the certificate in base64 string format. This is only present if the certificate contains the extension OID 2.5.29.14.

SubjectL As Character (read-only)

The certificate subject's locality, which could be a city, count, township, or other geographic region.

SubjectO As Character (read-only)

The certificate subject's organization, which is typically the company name.

SubjectOU As Character (read-only)

The certificate subject's organizational unit, which is the unit within the organization.

SubjectS As Character (read-only)

The certificate subject's state or province.

TrustedRoot As Boolean (read-only)

Returns .T. if the certificate has a trusted root authority, otherwise returns .F..

Note: As of version 9.5.0.41, the notion of what your application deems as trusted becomes more specific. The TrustedRoots class/object was added in v9.5.0.0. Prior to this, a certificate was considered to be anchored by a trusted root if the certificate chain could be established to a root (self-signed) certificate, AND if the root certificate was located somewhere in the Windows registry-based certificate stores. There are two problems with this: (1) it's a Windows-only solution. This property would always return .F. on non-Windows systems, and (2) it might be considered not a strong enough set of conditions for trusting a root certificate.

As of version 9.5.0.41, this property pays attention to the new TrustedRoots class/object, which allows for an application to specificallly indicate which root certificates are to be trusted. Certificates may be added to the TrustedRoots object via the LoadCaCertsPem or AddCert methods, and then activated by calling the TrustedRoots.Activate method. The activated trusted roots are deemed to be trusted in any Chilkat API method/property that needs to make this determination. In addition, the TrustedRoots object has a property named TrustSystemCaRoots, which defaults to .T., which allows for backward compatibility. It will trust CA certificates stored in the Windows registry-based certificate stores, or if on Linux, will trust certificates found in /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt.

ValidFromStr As Character (read-only)

The date (in RFC822 string format) that this certificate becomes (or became) valid. It is a GMT/UTC date that is returned.

ValidToStr As Character (read-only)

The date (in RFC822 string format) that this certificate becomes (or became) invalid. It is a GMT/UTC date that is returned.

VerboseLogging As Boolean

If set to .T., then the contents of LastErrorText (or LastErrorXml, or LastErrorHtml) may contain more verbose information. The default value is .F.. Verbose logging should only be used for debugging. The potentially large quantity of logged information may adversely affect peformance.

Version As Character (read-only)

Version of the component/library, such as "9.5.0.63"

Methods

CheckRevoked() As Numeric

Returns 1 if the certificate has been revoked, 0 if not revoked, and -1 if unable to check the revocation status.

ExportCertDerBd(cerData As CkBinData) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.70

Exports the digital certificate in ASN.1 DER format to a BinData object.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

Backup Windows Current User / Personal Certificates to a .zip

ExportCertDerFile(path As Character) As Boolean

Exports the digital certificate to ASN.1 DER format binary file.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

ExportCertPem() As Character

Exports the digital certificate to an unencrypted PEM formatted string.

Returns .F. on failure

ExportCertPemFile(path As Character) As Boolean

Exports the digital certificate to an unencrypted PEM formatted file.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

ExportCertXml() As Character

Exports a certificate to an XML format where the XML tags are the names of the ASN.1 objects that compose the X.509 certificate. Binary data is either hex or base64 encoded. (The binary data for a "bits" ASN.1 tag is hex encoded, whereas for all other ASN.1 tags, such as "octets", it is base64.)

Returns .F. on failure

Get Certificate As XML (and gets Signature Algorithm Identifier)

ExportPrivateKey() As CkPrivateKey

Exports the certificate's private key.

Returns .F. on failure

ExportPublicKey() As CkPublicKey

Exports the certificate's public key.

Returns .F. on failure

Get RSA Key Modulus from .cer or .key

ExportToPfxBd(password As Character, includeCertChain As Boolean, pfxData As CkBinData) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.70

Exports the certificate and private key (if available) to pfxData. The password is what will be required to access the PFX contents at a later time. If includeCertChain is .T., then the certificates in the chain of authority are also included in the PFX.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

Backup Windows Current User / Personal Certificates to a .zip

ExportToPfxFile(pfxFilename As Character, pfxPassword As Character, bIncludeCertChain As Boolean) As Boolean

Exports the certificate and private key (if available) to a PFX (.pfx or .p12) file. The output PFX is secured using the pfxPassword. If bIncludeCertChain is .T., then the certificates in the chain of authority are also included in the PFX output file.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

FindIssuer() As CkCert

Finds and returns the issuer certificate. If the certificate is a root or self-issued, then the certificate returned is a copy of the caller certificate. (The IsRoot property can be check to see if the certificate is a root (or self-issued) certificate.)

Returns .F. on failure

GetCertChain() As CkCertChain

Introduced in version 9.5.0.40

Returns a certficate chain object containing all the certificates (including this one), in the chain of authentication to the trusted root (if possible). If this certificate object was loaded from a PFX, then the certiicates contained in the PFX are automatically available for building the certificate chain. The UseCertVault method can be called to provide additional certificates that might be required to build the cert chain. Finally, the TrustedRoots object can be used to provide a way of making trusted root certificates available.

Note: Prior to v9.5.0.50, this method would fail if the certificate chain could not be completed to the root. Starting in v9.5.0.50, the incomplete certificate chain will be returned. The certificate chain's ReachesRoot property can be examined to see if the chain was completed to the root.

On Windows systems, the registry-based certificate stores are automatically consulted if needed to locate intermediate or root certificates in the chain.

Returns .F. on failure

Get the Server Certificate, Certificate Chain, and Root CA Certificate

GetEncoded() As Character

Returns a base64 encoded string representation of the certificate's binary DER format, which can be passed to SetFromEncoded to recreate the certificate object.

Returns .F. on failure

GetExtensionAsXml(oid As Character) As Character

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Returns the certificate extension data in XML format (converted from ASN.1). The oid is an OID, such as the ones listed here: http://www.alvestrand.no/objectid/2.5.29.html

Note: In many cases, the data within the XML is returned base64 encoded. An application may need to take one further step to base64 decode the information contained within the XML.

Returns .F. on failure

GetPrivateKeyPem() As Character

Exports the certificate's private key to a PEM string (if the private key is available).

Returns .F. on failure

GetSpkiFingerprint(hashAlg As Character, encoding As Character) As Character

Introduced in version 9.5.0.55

Returns the SPKI Fingerprint suitable for use in pinning. (See RFC 7469.) An SPKI Fingerprint is defined as the output of a known cryptographic hash algorithm whose input is the DER-encoded ASN.1 representation of the Subject Public Key Info (SPKI) of an X.509 certificate. The hashAlg specifies the hash algorithm and may be "sha256", "sha384", "sha512", "sha1", "md2", "md5", "haval", "ripemd128", "ripemd160","ripemd256", or "ripemd320". The encoding specifies the encoding, and may be "base64", "hex", or any of the encoding modes specified in the article at the link below.

Returns .F. on failure

List of Chilkat Encoding Modes

SPKI Fingerprint

GetValidFromDt() As CkDateTime

Returns the date/time this certificate becomes (or became) valid.

Returns .F. on failure

GetValidToDt() As CkDateTime

Returns the date/time this certificate becomes (or became) invalid.

Returns .F. on failure

HasPrivateKey() As Boolean

Returns true if the private key is installed on the local system for the certificate.

LinkPrivateKey(keyContainerName As Character, bMachineKeyset As Boolean, bForSigning As Boolean) As Boolean

(Relevant only when running on a Microsoft Windows operating system.) Associates a private key with a certificate. The private key is specified by providing the name of the key container where it can be found. The 2nd argument indicates whether the key container is from the machine-wide keyset (.T.), or from the keyset specific to the logged-on user (.F.). Private keys can be imported into a key container by calling the KeyContainer's ImportPrivateKey method. Once a certificate has been linked, the private key is available for creating digital signatures or decrypting. Note: Certificates imported from a PFX or from a Certificate Authority will already be "linked" and it is not necessary to call this method.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

LoadByCommonName(cn As Character) As Boolean

(Relevant only when running on a Microsoft Windows operating system.) Searches the Windows Local Machine and Current User registry-based certificate stores for a certificate having the common name specified. If found, the certificate is loaded and ready for use.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

Select Cert for Encrypted Email

Create P7M Using Pre-Installed Windows Certificate

LoadByEmailAddress(emailAddress As Character) As Boolean

(Relevant only when running on a Microsoft Windows operating system.) Searches the Windows Local Machine and Current User registry-based certificate stores for a certificate containing the email address specified. If found, the certificate is loaded and ready for use.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

Select Cert for Encrypted Email

LoadByIssuerAndSerialNumber(issuerCN As Character, serialNumber As Character) As Boolean

(Relevant only when running on a Microsoft Windows operating system.) Searches the Windows Local Machine and Current User registry-based certificate stores for a certificate matching the issuerCN and having an issuer matching the serialNumber. If found, the certificate is loaded and ready for use.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

LoadFromBase64(encodedCert As Character) As Boolean

Loads an ASN.1 or DER encoded certificate represented in a Base64 string.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

Get a Certificate's Key Size

LoadFromBd(certBytes As CkBinData) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.70

Loads an X.509 certificate from the ASN.1 DER encoded bytes contained in certBytes.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

LoadFromFile(path As Character) As Boolean

Loads a certificate from a .cer, .crt, .p7b, or .pem file. This method accepts certificates from files in any of the following formats:
1. DER encoded binary X.509 (.CER)
2. Base-64 encoded X.509 (.CER)
3. Cryptographic Message Syntax Standard - PKCS #7 Certificates (.P7B)
4. PEM format
This method decodes the certificate based on the contents if finds within the file, and not based on the file extension. If your certificate is in a file having a different extension, try loading it using this method before assuming it won't work. This method does not load .p12 or .pfx (PKCS #12) files.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

LoadPem(strPem As Character) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Loads the certificate from a PEM string.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

Load Certificate from PEM and Access the Public Key

LoadPfxBd(pfxData As CkBinData, password As Character) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.70

Loads the certificate from the PFX contained in pfxData. Note: If the PFX contains multiple certificates, the 1st certificate in the PFX is loaded.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

LoadPfxFile(pfxPath As Character, password As Character) As Boolean

Loads a PFX file. Note: If the PFX contains multiple certificates, the 1st certificate in the PFX is loaded.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

LoadTaskResult(task As CkTask) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.52

Loads the certificate from a completed asynchronous task.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

PemFileToDerFile(fromPath As Character, toPath As Character) As Boolean

Converts a PEM file to a DER file.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

SaveLastError(path As Character) As Boolean

Saves the last-error information (the contents of LastErrorXml) to an XML formatted file.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

SaveToFile(path As Character) As Boolean

Saves a certificate object to a .cer file.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

SetFromEncoded(encodedCert As Character) As Boolean

Initializes the certificate object from a base64 encoded string representation of the certificate's binary DER format.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

SetPrivateKey(privKey As CkPrivateKey) As Boolean

Used to associate a private key with the certificate for subsequent (PKCS7) signature creation or decryption.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

SetPrivateKeyPem(privKeyPem As Character) As Boolean

Same as SetPrivateKey, but the key is provided in unencrypted PEM format. (Note: The privKeyPem is not a file path, it is the actual PEM text.)

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

UseCertVault(vault As CkXmlCertVault) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.40

Adds an XML certificate vault to the object's internal list of sources to be searched for certificates for help in building certificate chains and verifying the certificate signature to the trusted root.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

VerifySignature() As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.40

Verifies the certificate signature, as well as the signatures of all certificates in the chain of authentication to the trusted root. Returns .T. if all signatures are verified to the trusted root. Otherwise returns .F..