Pem Lianja Reference Documentation

Pem

For creating, loading, parsing, converting, and saving in the PEM format.

Note: There are many types of objects that can be stored in PEM format. Chilkat supports certificates, private keys, and public keys. There is still much more to do. If there is a need to support a particular type of content, contact Chilkat (support@chilkatsoft.com).

Object Creation

loObject = createobject("CkPem")

Properties

AppendMode As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

When set to .T., each of the Load* methods appends to the current contents of this PEM object. When set to .F., a Load* method replaces the contents of this PEM object. The default is .F..

DebugLogFilePath As Character

If set to a file path, causes each Chilkat method or property call to automatically append it's LastErrorText to the specified log file. The information is appended such that if a hang or crash occurs, it is possible to see the context in which the problem occurred, as well as a history of all Chilkat calls up to the point of the problem. The VerboseLogging property can be set to provide more detailed information.

This property is typically used for debugging the rare cases where a Chilkat method call hangs or generates an exception that halts program execution (i.e. crashes). A hang or crash should generally never happen. The typical causes of a hang are:

  1. a timeout related property was set to 0 to explicitly indicate that an infinite timeout is desired,
  2. the hang is actually a hang within an event callback (i.e. it is a hang within the application code), or
  3. there is an internal problem (bug) in the Chilkat code that causes the hang.

LastErrorHtml As Character (read-only)

Provides information in HTML format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

LastErrorText As Character (read-only)

Provides information in plain-text format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

Concept of LastErrorText

LastErrorText Standard Information

LastErrorXml As Character (read-only)

Provides information in XML format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

LastMethodSuccess As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.52

Indicate whether the last method call succeeded or failed. A value of .T. indicates success, a value of .F. indicates failure. This property is automatically set for method calls. It is not modified by property accesses. The property is automatically set to indicate success for the following types of method calls:

  • Any method that returns a string.
  • Any method returning a Chilkat object, binary bytes, or a date/time.
  • Any method returning a standard boolean status value where success = .T. and failure = .F..
  • Any method returning an integer where failure is defined by a return value less than zero.

Note: Methods that do not fit the above requirements will always set this property equal to .T.. For example, a method that returns no value (such as a "void" in C++) will technically always succeed.

NumCerts As Numeric (read-only)

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

The number of certificates in the loaded PEM. To get the 1st certificate, call GetCert(0).

Iterate Keys and Certs in PEM

NumCsrs As Numeric (read-only)

Introduced in version 9.5.0.50

The number of certificate signing requests (CSRs) in the loaded PEM.

NumPrivateKeys As Numeric (read-only)

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

The number of private keys in the loaded PEM. To get the 1st private key, call GetPrivateKey(0).

Iterate Keys and Certs in PEM

NumPublicKeys As Numeric (read-only)

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

The number of public keys in the loaded PEM. To get the 1st public key, call GetPublicKey(0).

PrivateKeyFormat As Character

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Controls the format to be used for unencrypted private keys when writing a PEM. Possible values are "pkcs1" and "pkcs8". (OpenSSL typically uses the "pkcs8" format.) When writing encrypted private keys to PEM, the format is always PKCS8, and the PEM header is "BEGIN ENCRYPTED PRIVATE KEY". The default is "pkcs8".

The PKCS1 format uses the PEM header: BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY.
The PKCS8 format uses the PEM header: BEGIN PRIVATE KEY.

PublicKeyFormat As Character

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Controls the format to be used for public keys when writing a PEM. Possible values are "pkcs1" and "pkcs8". (OpenSSL typically uses the "pkcs8" format.) The default is "pkcs8".

The PKCS1 format uses the PEM header: BEGIN RSA PUBLIC KEY.
The PKCS8 format uses the PEM header: BEGIN PUBLIC KEY.

Write PKCS1 or PKCS8 Public Key PEM

VerboseLogging As Boolean

If set to .T., then the contents of LastErrorText (or LastErrorXml, or LastErrorHtml) may contain more verbose information. The default value is .F.. Verbose logging should only be used for debugging. The potentially large quantity of logged information may adversely affect peformance.

Version As Character (read-only)

Version of the component/library, such as "9.5.0.63"

Methods

AddCert(cert As CkCert, includeChain As Boolean) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Adds a certificate, and potentially the certs in its chain of authentication to the PEM. If includeChain is .T., then certificates in the cert's chain of authentication up to and including the root are automatically added.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

Add Private Key and Certificate to a PEM

AddItem(itemType As Character, encoding As Character, itemData As Character) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.59

Adds a certificate, private key, public key, or csr to the PEM. The possible values for itemType are "certificate" (or "cert"), "privateKey", "publicKey", or "csr". The encoding can be "Base64", "modBase64", "Base32", "QP" (for quoted-printable), "URL" (for url-encoding), "Hex", "url_oauth", "url_rfc1738", "url_rfc2396", and "url_rfc3986". The itemData contains the ASN.1 data in string format according to the encoding specified in encoding.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

AddPrivateKey(privateKey As CkPrivateKey) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Adds a private key to the PEM object.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

Add Private Key and Certificate to a PEM

Duplicate openssl pkcs12 –export –in certfile.cer –inkey certfile.key –out certfile.pfx

AddPrivateKey2(privKey As CkPrivateKey, certChain As CkCertChain) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Adds a private key and it's associated certificate chain to the PEM object.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

AddPublicKey(pubkey As CkPublicKey) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Adds a public key to the PEM object.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

Clear() As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Removes all content from this PEM object.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

GetCert(index As Numeric) As CkCert

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Returns the Nth certificate from the PEM. The first certificate is at index 0.

Returns .F. on failure

Load Encrypted PEM Containing ECC Private Key and Certs and Examine Contents

GetEncodedItem(itemType As Character, itemSubType As Character, encoding As Character, index As Numeric) As Character

Introduced in version 9.5.0.50

Returns the encoded contents of the Nth item of a particular type (0-based index). The possible values for itemType are "certificate" (or "cert"), "privateKey", "publicKey", or "csr". Input string args are case-insensitive. If the itemType is "privateKey", the itemSubType may be "der" or "pkcs8". If the itemType is "publicKey", the itemSubType may be "der" or "pkcs1". The itemSubType is ignored for other values of itemType. The valid encoding modes are "Base64", "modBase64", "Base32", "Base58", "QP" (for quoted-printable), "URL" (for url-encoding), "Hex", "url_oauth", "url_rfc1738", "url_rfc2396", and "url_rfc3986".

Returns .F. on failure

GetPrivateKey(index As Numeric) As CkPrivateKey

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Returns the Nth private key from the PEM. The first private key is at index 0.

Returns .F. on failure

Load Encrypted PEM Containing ECC Private Key and Certs and Examine Contents

GetPublicKey(index As Numeric) As CkPublicKey

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Returns the Nth public key from the PEM. The first public key is at index 0.

Returns .F. on failure

LoadP7bFile(path As Character) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Loads the contents of a PKCS7 container (.p7b file).

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

Load P7B and List Certificates

LoadP7bFileAsync(path As Character) As CkTask

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Creates an asynchronous task to call the LoadP7bFile method with the arguments provided. (Async methods are available starting in Chilkat v9.5.0.52.)

Returns .F. on failure

How to Run an Asynchronous Task

LoadPem(pemContent As Character, password As Character) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Loads the PEM from a PEM string. If encrypted, then the password is required for decryption. Otherwise, an empty string (or any string) may be passed for the password.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

LoadPemAsync(pemContent As Character, password As Character) As CkTask

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Creates an asynchronous task to call the LoadPem method with the arguments provided. (Async methods are available starting in Chilkat v9.5.0.52.)

Returns .F. on failure

How to Run an Asynchronous Task

LoadPemFile(path As Character, password As Character) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Loads the PEM from a PEM file. If encrypted, then the password is required for decryption. Otherwise, an empty string (or any string) may be passed for the password.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

Load PEM and List Certificates

LoadPemFileAsync(path As Character, password As Character) As CkTask

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Creates an asynchronous task to call the LoadPemFile method with the arguments provided. (Async methods are available starting in Chilkat v9.5.0.52.)

Returns .F. on failure

How to Run an Asynchronous Task

RemoveCert(index As Numeric) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Removes the Nth certificate from the PEM. The first certificate is at index 0.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

RemovePrivateKey(index As Numeric) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Removes the Nth private key from the PEM. The first private key is at index 0.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

SaveLastError(path As Character) As Boolean

Saves the last-error information (the contents of LastErrorXml) to an XML formatted file.

Returns .T. for success, .F. for failure.

ToJks(alias As Character, password As Character) As CkJavaKeyStore

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Converts the PEM to JKS and returns the Java KeyStore object. If the alias is non-empty, the 1st object (private key or certificate) will use the alias, and all others (if any) will receive auto-generated aliases. The JKS returned will be encrypted using the provided password. If the PEM contains only certificates (no private keys), then the password is unused.

Returns .F. on failure

Convert PEM to JKS (Java KeyStore)

ToPem() As Character

Introduced in version 9.5.0.47

Write the PFX to a PEM formatted string. The resultant PEM will contain the private key, as well as the certs in the chain of authentication (or whatever certs are available in the PFX). For example:

 -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
...
... the private key associated with the main certificate.
...
-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
...
... the main certificate
...
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
...
... an intermediate CA certificate (if present)
...
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
...
... the root CA certificate
...
-----END CERTIFICATE----- 

Returns .F. on failure

ToPemEx(extendedAttrs As Boolean, noKeys As Boolean, noCerts As Boolean, noCaCerts As Boolean, encryptAlg As Character, password As Character) As Character

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Write the PFX to a PEM formatted string. If extendedAttrs is .T., then extended properties (Bag Attributes and Key Attributes) are output. If noKeys is .T., then no private keys are output. If noCerts is .T., then no certificates are output. If noCaCerts is .T., then no CA certs or intermediate CA certs are output. If encryptAlg is not empty, it indicates the encryption algorithm to be used for encrypting the private keys (otherwise the private keys are output unencrypted). The possible choices for the encryptAlg are "des3", "aes128", "aes192", and "aes256". (All encryption algorithm choices use CBC mode.) If the private keys are to be encrypted, then password is the password to be used. Otherwise, password may be left empty. For example:

Bag Attributes
    Microsoft Local Key set: <No Values>
    localKeyID: 01 00 00 00 
    friendlyName: le-2b09a3d2-9037-4a05-95cc-4d44518e8607
    Microsoft CSP Name: Microsoft RSA SChannel Cryptographic Provider
Key Attributes
    X509v3 Key Usage: 10 
 -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
...
... the private key associated with the main certificate.
...
-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
Bag Attributes
    localKeyID: 01 00 00 00 
    1.3.6.1.4.1.311.17.3.92: 00 08 00 00 
    1.3.6.1.4.1.311.17.3.20: C2 53 54 F3 ...
    1.3.6.1.4.1.311.17.3.71: 49 00 43 00 ...
    1.3.6.1.4.1.311.17.3.75: 31 00 42 00 ...
subject=/OU=Domain Control Validated/OU=PositiveSSL/CN=something.com
issuer=/C=GB/ST=Greater Manchester/L=Salford/O=COMODO CA Limited/CN=COMODO RSA Domain Validation Secure Server CA
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
...
... the main certificate
...
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
...
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
...
... an intermediate CA certificate (if present)
...
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
...
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
...
... the root CA certificate
...
-----END CERTIFICATE----- 

Returns .F. on failure

ToPfx() As CkPfx

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Converts the PEM to PKCS12 and returns the PFX object. The PFX object has method for saving to a file, exporting to an encoded string, converting to a JKS (Java Keystore), or even converting back to PEM.

Note: The PEM must contain at least one private key to convert to PKCS12. The typical case is that a PKCS12 contains a single private key, along with the associated certificate and the certificates in the chain of authentication.

Returns .F. on failure

Convert PEM to PKCS12 / PFX