HtmlToXml Tcl Reference Documentation

HtmlToXml

Class for converting HTML to well-formed XML for the purpose of programmatically extracting (scraping) information from any HTML page.

Object Creation

set myHtmlToXml [new CkHtmlToXml]

Properties

DebugLogFilePath (string)

# ckStr is a CkString
CkHtmlToXml_get_DebugLogFilePath $myHtmlToXml $ckStr
set strVal [CkHtmlToXml_get_debugLogFilePath $myHtmlToXml]
CkHtmlToXml_put_DebugLogFilePath $myHtmlToXml $strVal

If set to a file path, causes each Chilkat method or property call to automatically append it's LastErrorText to the specified log file. The information is appended such that if a hang or crash occurs, it is possible to see the context in which the problem occurred, as well as a history of all Chilkat calls up to the point of the problem. The VerboseLogging property can be set to provide more detailed information.

This property is typically used for debugging the rare cases where a Chilkat method call hangs or generates an exception that halts program execution (i.e. crashes). A hang or crash should generally never happen. The typical causes of a hang are:

  1. a timeout related property was set to 0 to explicitly indicate that an infinite timeout is desired,
  2. the hang is actually a hang within an event callback (i.e. it is a hang within the application code), or
  3. there is an internal problem (bug) in the Chilkat code that causes the hang.

DropCustomTags (boolean 1/0)

set boolVal [CkHtmlToXml_get_DropCustomTags $myHtmlToXml]
CkHtmlToXml_put_DropCustomTags $myHtmlToXml $boolVal

If set to true, then any non-standard HTML tags will be dropped when converting to XML.

Html (string)

# ckStr is a CkString
CkHtmlToXml_get_Html $myHtmlToXml $ckStr
set strVal [CkHtmlToXml_get_html $myHtmlToXml]
CkHtmlToXml_put_Html $myHtmlToXml $strVal

The HTML to be converted by the ToXml method. To convert HTML to XML, first set this property to the HTML string and then call ToXml. The ConvertFile method can do file-to-file conversions.

LastErrorHtml (string)

# ckStr is a CkString
CkHtmlToXml_get_LastErrorHtml $myHtmlToXml $ckStr
set strVal [CkHtmlToXml_get_lastErrorHtml $myHtmlToXml]

Provides information in HTML format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

LastErrorText (string)

# ckStr is a CkString
CkHtmlToXml_get_LastErrorText $myHtmlToXml $ckStr
set strVal [CkHtmlToXml_get_lastErrorText $myHtmlToXml]

Provides information in plain-text format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

Concept of LastErrorText

LastErrorText Standard Information

LastErrorXml (string)

# ckStr is a CkString
CkHtmlToXml_get_LastErrorXml $myHtmlToXml $ckStr
set strVal [CkHtmlToXml_get_lastErrorXml $myHtmlToXml]

Provides information in XML format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

LastMethodSuccess (boolean 1/0)

set boolVal [CkHtmlToXml_get_LastMethodSuccess $myHtmlToXml]
CkHtmlToXml_put_LastMethodSuccess $myHtmlToXml $boolVal

Introduced in version 9.5.0.52

Indicate whether the last method call succeeded or failed. A value of 1 indicates success, a value of 0 indicates failure. This property is automatically set for method calls. It is not modified by property accesses. The property is automatically set to indicate success for the following types of method calls:

  • Any method that returns a string.
  • Any method returning a Chilkat object, binary bytes, or a date/time.
  • Any method returning a standard boolean status value where success = 1 and failure = 0.
  • Any method returning an integer where failure is defined by a return value less than zero.

Note: Methods that do not fit the above requirements will always set this property equal to 1. For example, a method that returns no value (such as a "void" in C++) will technically always succeed.

Nbsp (integer)

set intVal [CkHtmlToXml_get_Nbsp $myHtmlToXml]
CkHtmlToXml_put_Nbsp $myHtmlToXml $intVal

Determines how to handle   HTML entities. The default value, 0 will cause   entites to be convert to normal space characters (ASCII value 32). If this property is set to 1, then  's will be converted to &#160. If set to 2, then &nbps;'s are dropped. If set to 3, then &nbsp's are left unmodified.

Utf8 (boolean 1/0)

set boolVal [CkHtmlToXml_get_Utf8 $myHtmlToXml]
CkHtmlToXml_put_Utf8 $myHtmlToXml $boolVal

When set to 1, all "const char *" arguments are interpreted as utf-8 strings. If set to 0 (the default), then "const char *" arguments are interpreted as ANSI strings. Also, when set to 1, and Chilkat method returning a "const char *" is returning the utf-8 representation. If set to 0, all "const char *" return values are ANSI strings.

VerboseLogging (boolean 1/0)

set boolVal [CkHtmlToXml_get_VerboseLogging $myHtmlToXml]
CkHtmlToXml_put_VerboseLogging $myHtmlToXml $boolVal

If set to 1, then the contents of LastErrorText (or LastErrorXml, or LastErrorHtml) may contain more verbose information. The default value is 0. Verbose logging should only be used for debugging. The potentially large quantity of logged information may adversely affect peformance.

Version (string)

# ckStr is a CkString
CkHtmlToXml_get_Version $myHtmlToXml $ckStr
set strVal [CkHtmlToXml_get_version $myHtmlToXml]

Version of the component/library, such as "9.5.0.63"

XmlCharset (string)

# ckStr is a CkString
CkHtmlToXml_get_XmlCharset $myHtmlToXml $ckStr
set strVal [CkHtmlToXml_get_xmlCharset $myHtmlToXml]
CkHtmlToXml_put_XmlCharset $myHtmlToXml $strVal

The charset, such as "utf-8" or "iso-8859-1" of the XML to be created. If XmlCharset is empty, the XML is created in the same character encoding as the HTML. Otherwise the HTML is converted XML and converted to this charset.

Methods

# inHtmlPath is a string
# destXmlPath is a string
set status [CkHtmlToXml_ConvertFile $inHtmlPath $destXmlPath]

Converts an HTML file to a well-formed XML file that can be parsed for the purpose of programmatically extracting information.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

# tagName is a string
CkHtmlToXml_DropTagType $tagName

Allows for any specified tag to be dropped from the output XML. To drop more than one tag, call this method once for each tag type to be dropped.

CkHtmlToXml_DropTextFormattingTags

Causes text formatting tags to be dropped from the XML output. Text formatting tags are: b, font, i, u, br, center, em, strong, big, tt, s, small, strike, sub, and sup.

set retBool [CkHtmlToXml_IsUnlocked]

Returns 1 if the component is already unlocked. Otherwise returns 0.

# path is a string
# outBytes is a CkByteData (output)
set status [CkHtmlToXml_ReadFile $path $outData]

Convenience method for reading a complete file into a byte array.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

# filename is a string
# srcCharset is a string
# outStr is a CkString (output)
set status [CkHtmlToXml_ReadFileToString $filename $srcCharset $outStr]
set retStr [CkHtmlToXml_readFileToString $myHtmlToXml $filename $srcCharset]

Convenience method for reading a text file into a string. The character encoding of the text file is specified by srcCharset. Valid values, such as "iso-8895-1" or "utf-8" are listed at: List of Charsets.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

# path is a string
set status [CkHtmlToXml_SaveLastError $path]

Saves the last-error information (the contents of LastErrorXml) to an XML formatted file.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

# inData is a CkByteData
CkHtmlToXml_SetHtmlBytes $inData

Sets the Html property from a byte array.

# filename is a string
set status [CkHtmlToXml_SetHtmlFromFile $filename]

Sets the Html property by loading the HTML from a file.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

# outStr is a CkString (output)
set status [CkHtmlToXml_ToXml $outStr]
set retStr [CkHtmlToXml_toXml $myHtmlToXml]

Converts the HTML in the "Html" property to XML and returns the XML string.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

Convert an HTML Table to Plain-Text

# tagName is a string
CkHtmlToXml_UndropTagType $tagName

Causes a specified type of tag to NOT be dropped in the output XML.

CkHtmlToXml_UndropTextFormattingTags

Causes text formatting tags to NOT be dropped from the XML output. Text formatting tags are: b, font, i, u, br, center, em, strong, big, tt, s, small, strike, sub, and sup.

Important: Text formatting tags are dropped by default. Call this method to prevent text formatting tags from being dropped.

# unlockCode is a string
set status [CkHtmlToXml_UnlockComponent $unlockCode]

Unlocks the component. An arbitrary unlock code may be passed to automatically begin a 30-day trial.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

Diagnosing UnlockComponent Problems

UnlockComponent LastErrorText shows exact string passed to it.

Verify UnlockComponent Success w/ Purchased Unlock Code

LastErrorText Standard Information

# path is a string
# fileData is a CkByteData
set status [CkHtmlToXml_WriteFile $path $fileData]

Convenience method for saving a byte array to a file.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

# stringToWrite is a string
# filename is a string
# charset is a string
set status [CkHtmlToXml_WriteStringToFile $stringToWrite $filename $charset]

Convenience method for saving a string to a file. The character encoding of the output text file is specified by charset (the string is converted to this charset when writing). Valid values, such as "iso-8895-1" or "utf-8" are listed at: List of Charsets.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.

# outStr is a CkString (output)
set status [CkHtmlToXml_Xml $outStr]
set retStr [CkHtmlToXml_xml $myHtmlToXml]

This is the same as the "ToXml" method. It converts the HTML in the "Html" property to XML and returns the XML string.

Returns 1 for success, 0 for failure.