Cert Xojo Plugin Reference Documentation

Cert

Digital certificate component / class

Object Creation

Dim cert As New Chilkat.Cert

Properties

AuthorityKeyId As String (read-only)

Introduced in version 9.5.0.40

The authority key identifier of the certificate in base64 string format. This is only present if the certificate contains the extension OID 2.5.29.35.

CertVersion As Int32 (read-only)

The version of the certificate (1, 2, or 3). A value of 0 indicates an error -- the most likely cause being that the certificate object is empty (i.e. was never loaded with a certificate). Note: This is not the version of the software, it is the version of the X.509 certificate object. The version of the Chilkat certificate software is indicated by the Version property.

DebugLogFilePath As String

If set to a file path, causes each Chilkat method or property call to automatically append it's LastErrorText to the specified log file. The information is appended such that if a hang or crash occurs, it is possible to see the context in which the problem occurred, as well as a history of all Chilkat calls up to the point of the problem. The VerboseLogging property can be set to provide more detailed information.

This property is typically used for debugging the rare cases where a Chilkat method call hangs or generates an exception that halts program execution (i.e. crashes). A hang or crash should generally never happen. The typical causes of a hang are:

  1. a timeout related property was set to 0 to explicitly indicate that an infinite timeout is desired,
  2. the hang is actually a hang within an event callback (i.e. it is a hang within the application code), or
  3. there is an internal problem (bug) in the Chilkat code that causes the hang.

Expired As Boolean (read-only)

Has a value of True if the certificate or any certificate in the chain of authority has expired. (This information is not available when running on Windows 95/98 computers.)

ForClientAuthentication As Boolean (read-only)

True if this certificate can be used for client authentication, otherwise False.

ForCodeSigning As Boolean (read-only)

True if this certificate can be used for code signing, otherwise False.

ForSecureEmail As Boolean (read-only)

True if this certificate can be used for sending secure email, otherwise False.

ForServerAuthentication As Boolean (read-only)

True if this certificate can be used for server authentication, otherwise False.

ForTimeStamping As Boolean (read-only)

True if this certificate can be used for time stamping, otherwise False.

IntendedKeyUsage As UInt32 (read-only)

Bitflags indicating the intended usages of the certificate. The flags are:
Digital Signature: 0x80
Non-Repudiation: 0x40
Key Encipherment: 0x20
Data Encipherment: 0x10
Key Agreement: 0x08
Certificate Signing: 0x04
CRL Signing: 0x02
Encipher-Only: 0x01

IsRoot As Boolean (read-only)

True if this is the root certificate, otherwise False.

IssuerC As String (read-only)

The certificate issuer's country.

IssuerCN As String (read-only)

The certificate issuer's common name.

IssuerDN As String (read-only)

The issuer's full distinguished name.

IssuerE As String (read-only)

The certificate issuer's email address.

IssuerL As String (read-only)

The certificate issuer's locality, which could be a city, count, township, or other geographic region.

IssuerO As String (read-only)

The certificate issuer's organization, which is typically the company name.

IssuerOU As String (read-only)

The certificate issuer's organizational unit, which is the unit within the organization.

IssuerS As String (read-only)

The certificate issuer's state or province.

LastErrorHtml As String (read-only)

Provides information in HTML format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

LastErrorText As String (read-only)

Provides information in plain-text format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

Concept of LastErrorText

LastErrorText Standard Information

LastErrorXml As String (read-only)

Provides information in XML format about the last method/property called. If a method call returns a value indicating failure, or behaves unexpectedly, examine this property to get more information.

LastMethodSuccess As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.52

Indicate whether the last method call succeeded or failed. A value of True indicates success, a value of False indicates failure. This property is automatically set for method calls. It is not modified by property accesses. The property is automatically set to indicate success for the following types of method calls:

  • Any method that returns a string.
  • Any method returning a Chilkat object, binary bytes, or a date/time.
  • Any method returning a standard boolean status value where success = True and failure = False.
  • Any method returning an integer where failure is defined by a return value less than zero.

Note: Methods that do not fit the above requirements will always set this property equal to True. For example, a method that returns no value (such as a "void" in C++) will technically always succeed.

OcspUrl As String (read-only)

If present in the certificate's extensions, returns the OCSP URL of the certificate. (The Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP) is an Internet protocol used for obtaining the revocation status of an X.509 digital certificate.)

Revoked As Boolean (read-only)

True if the certificate or any certificate in the chain of authority has been revoked. This information is not available when running on Windows 95/98 computers. Note: If this property is False, it could mean that it was not able to check the revocation status. Because of this uncertainty, a CheckRevoked method has been added. It returns an integer indicating one of three possible states: 1 (revoked) , 0 (not revoked), -1 (unable to check revocation status).

Rfc822Name As String (read-only)

The RFC-822 name of the certificate. (Also known as the Subject Alternative Name.)

If the certificate contains a list of Subject Alternative Names, such as a list of host names to be protected by a single SSL certificate, then this property will contain the comma separated list of names.

SelfSigned As Boolean (read-only)

True if this is a self-signed certificate, otherwise False.

SerialNumber As String (read-only)

The certificate's serial number as a hexidecimal string.

Sha1Thumbprint As String (read-only)

Hexidecimal string of the SHA-1 thumbprint for the certificate.

SignatureVerified As Boolean (read-only)

Returns True if the certificate and all certificates in the chain of authority have valid signatures, otherwise returns False.

SubjectC As String (read-only)

The certificate subject's country.

SubjectCN As String (read-only)

The certificate subject's common name.

SubjectDN As String (read-only)

The certificate subject's full distinguished name.

SubjectE As String (read-only)

The certificate subject's email address.

SubjectKeyId As String (read-only)

Introduced in version 9.5.0.40

The subject key identifier of the certificate in base64 string format. This is only present if the certificate contains the extension OID 2.5.29.14.

SubjectL As String (read-only)

The certificate subject's locality, which could be a city, count, township, or other geographic region.

SubjectO As String (read-only)

The certificate subject's organization, which is typically the company name.

SubjectOU As String (read-only)

The certificate subject's organizational unit, which is the unit within the organization.

SubjectS As String (read-only)

The certificate subject's state or province.

TrustedRoot As Boolean (read-only)

Returns True if the certificate has a trusted root authority, otherwise returns False.

Note: As of version 9.5.0.41, the notion of what your application deems as trusted becomes more specific. The TrustedRoots class/object was added in v9.5.0.0. Prior to this, a certificate was considered to be anchored by a trusted root if the certificate chain could be established to a root (self-signed) certificate, AND if the root certificate was located somewhere in the Windows registry-based certificate stores. There are two problems with this: (1) it's a Windows-only solution. This property would always return False on non-Windows systems, and (2) it might be considered not a strong enough set of conditions for trusting a root certificate.

As of version 9.5.0.41, this property pays attention to the new TrustedRoots class/object, which allows for an application to specificallly indicate which root certificates are to be trusted. Certificates may be added to the TrustedRoots object via the LoadCaCertsPem or AddCert methods, and then activated by calling the TrustedRoots.Activate method. The activated trusted roots are deemed to be trusted in any Chilkat API method/property that needs to make this determination. In addition, the TrustedRoots object has a property named TrustSystemCaRoots, which defaults to True, which allows for backward compatibility. It will trust CA certificates stored in the Windows registry-based certificate stores, or if on Linux, will trust certificates found in /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt.

ValidFromStr As String (read-only)

The date (in RFC822 string format) that this certificate becomes (or became) valid. It is a GMT/UTC date that is returned.

ValidToStr As String (read-only)

The date (in RFC822 string format) that this certificate becomes (or became) invalid. It is a GMT/UTC date that is returned.

VerboseLogging As Boolean

If set to True, then the contents of LastErrorText (or LastErrorXml, or LastErrorHtml) may contain more verbose information. The default value is False. Verbose logging should only be used for debugging. The potentially large quantity of logged information may adversely affect peformance.

Version As String (read-only)

Version of the component/library, such as "9.5.0.63"

Methods

Function CheckRevoked() As Int32

Returns 1 if the certificate has been revoked, 0 if not revoked, and -1 if unable to check the revocation status.

Function ExportCertDer() As MemoryBlock

Exports the digital certificate to ASN.1 DER format.

Returns Nil on failure

Function ExportCertDerBd(cerData As Chilkat.BinData) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.70

Exports the digital certificate in ASN.1 DER format to a BinData object.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Backup Windows Current User / Personal Certificates to a .zip

Function ExportCertDerFile(path As String) As Boolean

Exports the digital certificate to ASN.1 DER format binary file.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function ExportCertPem() As String

Exports the digital certificate to an unencrypted PEM formatted string.

Returns Nil on failure

Function ExportCertPemFile(path As String) As Boolean

Exports the digital certificate to an unencrypted PEM formatted file.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function ExportCertXml() As String

Exports a certificate to an XML format where the XML tags are the names of the ASN.1 objects that compose the X.509 certificate. Binary data is either hex or base64 encoded. (The binary data for a "bits" ASN.1 tag is hex encoded, whereas for all other ASN.1 tags, such as "octets", it is base64.)

Returns Nil on failure

Get Certificate As XML (and gets Signature Algorithm Identifier)

Function ExportPrivateKey() As Chilkat.PrivateKey

Exports the certificate's private key.

Returns Nil on failure

Function ExportPublicKey() As Chilkat.PublicKey

Exports the certificate's public key.

Returns Nil on failure

Get RSA Key Modulus from .cer or .key

Function ExportToPfxBd(password As String, includeCertChain As Boolean, pfxData As Chilkat.BinData) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.70

Exports the certificate and private key (if available) to pfxData. The password is what will be required to access the PFX contents at a later time. If includeCertChain is True, then the certificates in the chain of authority are also included in the PFX.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Backup Windows Current User / Personal Certificates to a .zip

Function ExportToPfxData(password As String, includeCertChain As Boolean) As MemoryBlock

Introduced in version 9.5.0.31

Exports the certificate and private key (if available) to an in-memory PFX image. The password is what will be required to access the PFX contents at a later time. If includeCertChain is True, then the certificates in the chain of authority are also included in the PFX.

Returns Nil on failure

Function FindIssuer() As Chilkat.Cert

Finds and returns the issuer certificate. If the certificate is a root or self-issued, then the certificate returned is a copy of the caller certificate. (The IsRoot property can be check to see if the certificate is a root (or self-issued) certificate.)

Returns Nil on failure

Function GetCertChain() As Chilkat.CertChain

Introduced in version 9.5.0.40

Returns a certficate chain object containing all the certificates (including this one), in the chain of authentication to the trusted root (if possible). If this certificate object was loaded from a PFX, then the certiicates contained in the PFX are automatically available for building the certificate chain. The UseCertVault method can be called to provide additional certificates that might be required to build the cert chain. Finally, the TrustedRoots object can be used to provide a way of making trusted root certificates available.

Note: Prior to v9.5.0.50, this method would fail if the certificate chain could not be completed to the root. Starting in v9.5.0.50, the incomplete certificate chain will be returned. The certificate chain's ReachesRoot property can be examined to see if the chain was completed to the root.

On Windows systems, the registry-based certificate stores are automatically consulted if needed to locate intermediate or root certificates in the chain.

Returns Nil on failure

Get the Server Certificate, Certificate Chain, and Root CA Certificate

Function GetEncoded() As String

Returns a base64 encoded string representation of the certificate's binary DER format, which can be passed to SetFromEncoded to recreate the certificate object.

Returns Nil on failure

Function GetExtensionAsXml(oid As String) As String

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Returns the certificate extension data in XML format (converted from ASN.1). The oid is an OID, such as the ones listed here: http://www.alvestrand.no/objectid/2.5.29.html

Note: In many cases, the data within the XML is returned base64 encoded. An application may need to take one further step to base64 decode the information contained within the XML.

Returns Nil on failure

Function GetPrivateKeyPem() As String

Exports the certificate's private key to a PEM string (if the private key is available).

Returns Nil on failure

Function GetSpkiFingerprint(hashAlg As String, encoding As String) As String

Introduced in version 9.5.0.55

Returns the SPKI Fingerprint suitable for use in pinning. (See RFC 7469.) An SPKI Fingerprint is defined as the output of a known cryptographic hash algorithm whose input is the DER-encoded ASN.1 representation of the Subject Public Key Info (SPKI) of an X.509 certificate. The hashAlg specifies the hash algorithm and may be "sha256", "sha384", "sha512", "sha1", "md2", "md5", "haval", "ripemd128", "ripemd160","ripemd256", or "ripemd320". The encoding specifies the encoding, and may be "base64", "hex", or any of the encoding modes specified in the article at the link below.

Returns Nil on failure

List of Chilkat Encoding Modes

SPKI Fingerprint

Function GetValidFromDt() As Chilkat.CkDateTime

Returns the date/time this certificate becomes (or became) valid.

Returns Nil on failure

Function GetValidToDt() As Chilkat.CkDateTime

Returns the date/time this certificate becomes (or became) invalid.

Returns Nil on failure

Function HasPrivateKey() As Boolean

Returns true if the private key is installed on the local system for the certificate.

Function LoadByCommonName(cn As String) As Boolean

(Relevant only when running on a Microsoft Windows operating system.) Searches the Windows Local Machine and Current User registry-based certificate stores for a certificate having the common name specified. If found, the certificate is loaded and ready for use.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Select Cert for Encrypted Email

Create P7M Using Pre-Installed Windows Certificate

Function LoadByEmailAddress(emailAddress As String) As Boolean

(Relevant only when running on a Microsoft Windows operating system.) Searches the Windows Local Machine and Current User registry-based certificate stores for a certificate containing the email address specified. If found, the certificate is loaded and ready for use.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Select Cert for Encrypted Email

Function LoadByIssuerAndSerialNumber(issuerCN As String, serialNumber As String) As Boolean

(Relevant only when running on a Microsoft Windows operating system.) Searches the Windows Local Machine and Current User registry-based certificate stores for a certificate matching the issuerCN and having an issuer matching the serialNumber. If found, the certificate is loaded and ready for use.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function LoadFromBase64(encodedCert As String) As Boolean

Loads an ASN.1 or DER encoded certificate represented in a Base64 string.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Get a Certificate's Key Size

Function LoadFromBd(certBytes As Chilkat.BinData) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.70

Loads an X.509 certificate from the ASN.1 DER encoded bytes contained in certBytes.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function LoadFromBinary(data As MemoryBlock) As Boolean

Loads an X.509 certificate from ASN.1 DER encoded bytes.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function LoadFromFile(path As String) As Boolean

Loads a certificate from a .cer, .crt, .p7b, or .pem file. This method accepts certificates from files in any of the following formats:
1. DER encoded binary X.509 (.CER)
2. Base-64 encoded X.509 (.CER)
3. Cryptographic Message Syntax Standard - PKCS #7 Certificates (.P7B)
4. PEM format
This method decodes the certificate based on the contents if finds within the file, and not based on the file extension. If your certificate is in a file having a different extension, try loading it using this method before assuming it won't work. This method does not load .p12 or .pfx (PKCS #12) files.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function LoadPem(strPem As String) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.49

Loads the certificate from a PEM string.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Load Certificate from PEM and Access the Public Key

Function LoadPfxBd(pfxData As Chilkat.BinData, password As String) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.70

Loads the certificate from the PFX contained in pfxData. Note: If the PFX contains multiple certificates, the 1st certificate in the PFX is loaded.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function LoadPfxData(pfxData As MemoryBlock, password As String) As Boolean

Loads a PFX from an in-memory image of a PFX file. Note: If the PFX contains multiple certificates, the 1st certificate in the PFX is loaded.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function LoadPfxFile(pfxPath As String, password As String) As Boolean

Loads a PFX file. Note: If the PFX contains multiple certificates, the 1st certificate in the PFX is loaded.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function LoadTaskResult(task As Chilkat.Task) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.52

Loads the certificate from a completed asynchronous task.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function PemFileToDerFile(fromPath As String, toPath As String) As Boolean

Converts a PEM file to a DER file.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function SaveLastError(path As String) As Boolean

Saves the last-error information (the contents of LastErrorXml) to an XML formatted file.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function SaveToFile(path As String) As Boolean

Saves a certificate object to a .cer file.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function SetFromEncoded(encodedCert As String) As Boolean

Initializes the certificate object from a base64 encoded string representation of the certificate's binary DER format.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function SetPrivateKey(privKey As Chilkat.PrivateKey) As Boolean

Used to associate a private key with the certificate for subsequent (PKCS7) signature creation or decryption.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function SetPrivateKeyPem(privKeyPem As String) As Boolean

Same as SetPrivateKey, but the key is provided in unencrypted PEM format. (Note: The privKeyPem is not a file path, it is the actual PEM text.)

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function UseCertVault(vault As Chilkat.XmlCertVault) As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.40

Adds an XML certificate vault to the object's internal list of sources to be searched for certificates for help in building certificate chains and verifying the certificate signature to the trusted root.

Returns True for success, False for failure.

Function VerifySignature() As Boolean

Introduced in version 9.5.0.40

Verifies the certificate signature, as well as the signatures of all certificates in the chain of authentication to the trusted root. Returns True if all signatures are verified to the trusted root. Otherwise returns False.